Publications of Stone, D.
Rapid knowledge: ‘Bridging research and policy’ at the Overseas Development Institute
The article considers the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), an independent research institute, as a case study of research communication in international development policy. ODI was established in 1960 in London, England, as think tank which has extensive networks outside the Great Britain. The article offers an overview of the knowledge utilization literature. It looks at how ODI has translated its organization mission to inform international development policy into tools and practices of individual and organizational entrepreneurship. It also examines the role of think tanks as interlocators which shape the flow of expert knowledge.
Transnational philanthropy, policy transfer networks and the open society institute
The Open Society Institute (OSI) is a private operating and grant-making foundation that serves as the hub of the Soros foundations network, a group of autonomous national foundations around the world. OSI and the network implement a range of initiatives that aim to promote open societies by shaping national and international policies with knowledge and expertise. The OSI provides an excellent case study of the strategies of transnational activism of private philanthropy. It is an institutional mechanism for the international diffusion of expertise and ‘best practices’ to post communist countries and other democratizing nations. This paper avoids assumptions that civil society is an entirely separate and distinguishable domain from states and emergent forms of transnational authority. Focusing on the ‘soft’ ideational and normative policy transfer undermines notions of clear cut boundaries between an independent philanthropic body in civil society and highlights the intermeshing and mutual engagement that comes with networks, coalitions, joint funding, partnerships and common policy dialogues.
The new networks of knowledge : think tanks and the transnationalization of governance
More often than not, studies of thinks tanks have addressed their role in society and politics at the nation-state level. This neglects an increasingly important component of think tank activity. These organizations are fast building regional and international networks. While think tank networks are not new, over the past two decades the scale and density of exchange within these networks has mounted significantly and include a more globally diverse range of organizations. It is worthwhile to distinguish between firstly, think tank networks and secondly, policy networks in which think tanks are only one type of actor. Think tank networks are composed of research institutes and policy centres that are organizationally similar in structure and general objectives. Such networks exclude other non-state actors such as NGOs, private firms and professional associations. By contrast, ‘policy network’ is a conceptual category to describe co-ordinated patterns of interaction to inform or make policy at local, national and transnational levels..
Market principles, philanthropic ideals, and public service values in international public policy programs
Just as there was a boom in the establishment of Masters of Business Administration programs over the past 30 or more years, today there is an equivalent boom in graduate programs in the field of public policy. This is so for the transition states of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the former Soviet Union where the dynamics of globalization and “Europeanization” are apparent and the pressures for reform pronounced (Verheijen and Connaughton 2003, 843). Appointing personnel with the educational prerequisites necessary for managing reform and meeting the challenges of globalization has been problematic for both official actors such as national education ministries, international organizations, and bilateral development agencies, as well as for non-state actors such as the business sector, philanthropic foundations, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). The need for graduates who can function in international and cross-cultural contexts is prompting institutions to create new courses and professional degree programs (Mallea 1998, 16).
Recycling bins, garbage cans or think tanks? Three myths regarding Policy Analysis Institutes
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Global knowledge networks and international development : bridges across boundaries
Making ideas count in policy has become a key issue for both researchers and policy-makers, and in both developed and developing countries. This volume provides a coherent examination of how, why and to what extent research informs policy in the field of international development. Drawn from think-tanks, academia and development agencies, the contributors provide case histories of how research has informed local, national and global policy. They investigate how development agencies have promoted the development potential of research, and outline various methods and techniques of policy entrepreneurship. The book has three key elements: *It provides an authoritative overview of the concepts and theories associated with the complex link between research and development. *It illustrates the complexity with case studies of projects bridging research and policy-making from all over the world. These are provided by individual researchers from Africa, South Asia and Eastern Europe, and also by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) in Canada, the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) in London and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), based in Washington DC. *It offers practical guidance to researchers and policy-makers. The book contains the foundation for a manual on policy entrepreneurship in international development. Global Knowledge Networks and International Development will interest students, researchers and policy-makers concerned with global policy, knowledge utilisation, global governance and development.
Think tank traditions : policy research and the politics of ideas
Think tank traditions is a follow up to the critically acclaimed monograph Think tanks across nations (MUP, 1998), edited by the same authors, which was widely acknowledged as a ground-breaking work in the comparative study of think tanks.The book looks at the historical role and contemporary significance of think tanks in the West, including Europe, the United States and Canada, as well as considering their activities in China, Eastern Europe and Argentina. In so doing, the book provides a broad-based and in-depth analysis of the role of think tanks in the processes of economic liberalisation and democratisation.As well as analysing think tank activities on a country-by-country basis, three new chapters focus on levels of think tank operation and activity above and beyond the nation-state, including the European Union, and, on a more general level, diplomatic relations and foreign policy.By addressing these broad and increasingly important dimensions of think tank activity, the book will have considerable appeal among students of comparative politics, public policy and international affairs.
Transfer agents and global networks in the 'transnationalization' of policy
This paper focuses on the role of international actors in policy/ knowledge transfer processes to suggest a dynamic for the transnationalization of policy results. The paper seeks to redress the tendency towards methodological nationalism in much of the early policy transfer literature by bringing to the fore the role of international organizations and non-state actors in transnational transfer networks. Secondly, attention is drawn to 'soft' forms of transfer – such as the spread of norms – as a necessary complement to the hard transfer of policy tools, structures and practices and in which non-state actors play a more prominent role. Thirdly, transnational networks are identified as an important vehicle for the spread of policy and practice not only cross-nationally but in emergent venues of global governance.